Wichtiger Hinweis: Ayaat ulQuran müssen im Kontext im Quran und mit Tafsir studiert werden.
28.45. Wir aber ließen Geschlechter entstehen, und es war ihnen ein langes Leben beschieden. Und du hattest dich nicht unter den Leuten von Madyan niederge lassen, um ihnen Unsere Zeichen zu verlesen. Wir aber entsandten immer wieder (Propheten).
82.5. A soul will know what it hath sent before (it) and what left behind. (Pickthall)
82.5. Hat eine Seele gewußt, was sie vorausgeschickt und was sie aufgeschoben hat. (Ahmad v. Denffer)
82.5. wird eine (jede) Seele erfahren, was sie vorausgeschickt und zurückgestellt hat. (Bubenheim)
82.5. dann bekommt jede Seele zu wissen, was sie tat und was sie versäumte. (Azhar)
82.5. dann weiss bereits jede Seele, was sie vorlegte und aufschob. (Zaidan)
82.5. bekommt einer zu wissen, was er früher (an guten Werken) getan, und was er versäumt hat. (Paret)
82.5. dann wird jede Seele wissen, was sie getan und was sie unterlassen hat. (Rasul)
Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 1 bis 5
When the heaven splits asunder, and when the stars scatter, and when the seas are torn apart, ( 1 ) and when the graves are laid open, ( 2 ) then every person shall know all his works, the former and the latter. ( 3 )
Desc No: 1 In Surah At-Takwir it has been said: "When the oceans are set ablaze," and here: "When the oceans are torn apart." When the two verses are read together, and this fact also is kept in view that even according to the Qur'an a terrible earthquake will occur on the Resurrection Day, which will shake up the entire earth all at once, the state of the splitting of the oceans and their being set ablaze ' seems to be as follows: first, because of the terrible convulsion, the bottom of the oceans will split asunder and their water will start sinking into the interior of the earth where an intensely hot lava is constantly boiling up. Coming into contact with the lava, water will dissolve into its two constituent parts, oxygen which helps combustion, and hydrogen, which is itself combustible. Thus, in the process pf dissolution and combustion, a chain reaction will start, which will set all the oceans 'of the world ablaze. This is our conjecture, the correct knowledge is only with Allah.
Desc No: 2 In the first three verses, the first stage of the Resurrection has been mentioned, and in this verse the second stage is being described. "Opening of the graves" implies resurrection of the dead then.
Desc No: 3 The words ma qaddamat wa akhkharat can have several meanings and all are implied here: (1) Ma qaddamat is the good or evil act which man has sent forward, and ma akhkharat is what he refrained from doing. Thus, these Arabic words correspond to the acts of commission and omission in one's life. (2) Ma qaddainat is what one did earlier and ma akhkharat what one did later; i.e. the whole life-work of man will appear before him date-wise and in proper sequence (3) Whatever good and evil deeds a man did in his life is ma qaddamat and whatever effects and influences of his acts he left behind for human society is ma akhkharat. "