22.16. Wakadhalika anzalnahu ayatinbayyinatin waanna Allaha yahdii man yuriidu
22.16. Thus We reveal it as plain revelations, and verily Allah guideth whom He will. (Pickthall)
22.16. Und derart haben Wir ihn herabgesandt als klar beweisende Zeichen, und Allah leitet recht, wen Er möchte. (Ahmad v. Denffer)
22.16. So haben Wir ihn als klare Zeichen hinabgesandt, und (es ist so,) daß Allah rechtleitet, wen Er will. (Bubenheim)
22.16. So haben Wir den Koran mit lauter eindeutigen Beweiszeichen herabgesandt. Gott leitet, wen Er will auf den geraden Weg. (Azhar)
22.16. Und solcherart sandten WIR ihn (den Quran) hinab als klare Ayat, und ALLAH leitet recht, wen ER will. (Zaidan)
22.16. So (wie er dir vorliegt) haben wir ihn als klare Zeichen hinabgesandt. Allah leitet eben recht, wen er will. (Paret)
22.16. Und so haben Wir ihn (den Qur'an) als deutliches Zeichen herabgesandt, und gewiß, Allah weist dem den Weg, dem Er will. (Rasul)
Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 11 bis 16
And there is a type of man who serves Allah standing on the borders (of the Faith ( 15 ) ); is if some good comes to him, he is satisfied (with his Faith), but if he encounters a trial, he turns his back (upon it). ( 16 ) Thus he loses both this world and the Hereafter: this is the manifest loss. ( 17 ) Then, instead of Allah, he invokes those who can do him neither harm nor good: this is the last extremity of deviation. He invokes those who are more likely to do him harm than good. ( 18 ) What an evil guardian he chooses and what an evil companion ! ( 19 ) As for those who believed and did righteous deeds, ( 20 ) Allah will admit them to Gardens underneath which canals will be flowing. Allah does whatever He wills. ( 21 ) As for the one who presumes that Allah will neither help him in this world nor in the Hereafter, he should (if he can) ascend the sky by a rope and cut a hole into it and then peep through it and see for himself whether any device of his can avert his doom, which he abhors ( 22 ) And We have sent down this Qur'an with clear teachings such as these, but Allah alone guides whomsoever He wills.
Desc No: 15 This type of man is a time server, who stands on the boundary line between Islam and kufr so that he may join the winning side whether it be Islam or kufr.
Desc No: 16 As this type of man has a weak character and wavers between kufr and Islam he becomes the slave of his "self". He accepts Islam for the sake of selfinterest: he is faithful to it if all his wishes are fulfilled and he has a life of ease and comfort; he is well-pleased with his Allah and is "firm" in his faith. On the contrary, if his "faith" demands some sacrifice from him, or he is visited by some affliction, or encounters some hardship and loss in the way of Allah, or he does not have his way, he begins to waver about the Godhead of Allah and the Prophethood of the Messenger and becomes sceptical about everything of the "Faith". Then he is ready to bow down before any power from which he expects some benefit and security from loss.
Desc No: 17 This is a great moral proposition that has been stated concisely. The fact is that the wavering man remains a loser in this world as well as in the Next World, and fares worse even than an unbeliever. The unbeliever applies himself exclusively to the benefits of this world and becomes more or less successful in his object because he is not handicapped by the fear of Allah, accountability of the Hereafter and restrictions of Divine Law. Likewise a true believer follows the way of Allah with fortitude and perseverance and may as well become successful in this world, but even if he loses it altogether, he is assured of success in the Next Y World. But the "wavering Muslim" becomes a loser both in this world and in the Next World because he is handicapped by doubt and indecision and cannot make his choice between the two worlds. As he cannot decide whether there is Allah and the Hereafter, he cannot apply himself exclusively to the worldly affairs with that single-mindedness which the unbeliever enjoys. And when he thinks of Allah and the Hereafter, the allurements of this world and the fear of the disadvantages here and the abhorrence of observing the Divine restrictions do not let him apply himself exclusively to the demands of the Hereafter. This conflict between "Godworship" and "World-worship" makes him a loser in this world as well as in the next.
Desc No: 18 Vv. 12-13 clarify two things about the deities whom the mushriks invoke. Firstly, they can do a person neither any good nor any harm; nay, it is more probable that they do harm rather than good. For when the mushrik invokes other deities than Allah, he loses his faith forthwith. Secondly, the mushrik himself knows that there is no guarantee or probability of any good from his `god' who is utterly helpless and powerless. As regards the occasional grant of his request through his god, this is done by Allah merely to test his faith.
Desc No: 19 That is, the one, who leads a person to the way of shirk is the worst guardian and the worst comrade, whether he be a human being or a satan.
Desc No: 20 "Those who believed and did righteous deeds" are quite different from the wavering Muslims, for they have a firm belief in Allah, His Prophet and the Hereafter. Therefore they follow the way of Truth both in prosperity and in adversity.
Desc No: 21 That is, "Allah's powers are unlimited: He may bestow anything on anyone He wills in this world or in the Hereafter or in both, and bar anything from anyone. None has the power to interfere with what He wills and dces".
Desc No: 22 There is a great divergence of opinion about the exact meaning of this verse. Some of the interpretations are: (1) One who presumes that Allah will not help him (Muhammad: Allah's peace be upon him), he should hang himself by a rope from the ceiling. (2) One who presumes that Allah will not help him (Muhammad: Allah's peace be upon him), he should ascend thesky by a rope and try to stop Allah's help. (3) One who presumes that Allah will not help him (Muhammad: Allah's peace be upon him), he should ascend the sky and stop the process of Revelations. (4) One who presumes that Allah will not help him (Muhammad: Allah's peace be upon him), he should ascend the sky and stop his provisions. (5) The one who presumes that Allah will not help him (the presumer himself), he should hang himself by a rope from the ceiling of his house. (6) The one who presumes that Allah will not help him (the presumer himself), he should try to ascend the sky to seek help. The first four interpretations are obviously irrelevant to the context, and the last two, though they might fit in with the context, do not explain the real meaning of the verse. If we consider this in the context, it becomes obvious that the one who presumes is "the one who serves Allah standing on the border" . This is to rebuke him, as if to say, "You may do whatever you can to change the decrees of Allah, but you will see that no device of yours can succeed, whether these decrees are favourable to your designs or unfavourable to them. " Obviously, "he should ascend the sky ...... cut a hole into it" has not been used in the literal but in the figurative sense. "