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30.45. damit Er denjenigen, die glauben und rechtschaffene Werke tun, aus Seiner Huld vergelte. Gewiß, Er liebt nicht die Ungläubigen.

[ arRum:45 ]


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Medina-Musshaf Seite 406

Mehr Übersetzungen

Tafsir auf arabisch:
Ibn Kathir Tabari Jalalain Qurtubi

Tafsir auf englisch:
Ibn Kathir (NEU!) Jalalain ibn Abbas



30.16. Waamma alladhiina kafaruu wakadhdhabuubi-ayatina waliqa-i al-akhiratifaola-ika fii alAAadhabi muhdaruuna

30.16. But as for those who disbelieved and denied Our revelations, and denied the meeting of the Hereafter, such will be brought to doom. (Pickthall)

30.16. Und was diejenigen angeht, die den Glauben verweigert und Unsere Zeichen geleugnet haben, und die Begegnung des Jenseits, so werden diese für die Strafe gegenwärtig gemacht, (Ahmad v. Denffer)

30.16. Was aber diejenigen angeht, die ungläubig waren und Unsere Zeichen und die Begegnung mit dem Jenseits für Lüge erklärt haben, sie werden zur Strafe vorge führt werden. (Bubenheim)

30.16. Die Ungläubigen, die Unsere Zeichen und die Begegnung mit Gott am Jüngsten Tag leugneten, werden für immer der peinvollen Strafe ausgesetzt bleiben. (Azhar)

30.16. Doch hinsichtlich derjenigen, die Kufr betrieben und Unsere Ayat und die Begegnung im Jenseits abgeleugnet haben, diese werden der Peinigung ausgeliefert. (Zaidan)

30.16. Diejenigen aber, die ungläubig waren und unsere Zeichen, und (die Tatsache) daß sie (dereinst) das Jenseits erleben werden, für Lüge erklärt haben, werden zur Bestrafung (in der Hölle) vorgeführt. (Paret)

30.16. Jene aber, die ungläubig waren und Unsere Zeichen und die Begegnung (mit Uns) im Jenseits leugneten, werden zur Bestrafung vorgeführt. (Rasul)

Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 11 bis 16

AIlah originates the creation; then He it is Who will repeat it, ( 13 ) and then to Him you will be returned. And when the Hour ( 14 ) is established, the criminals will be dumb-founded; ( 15 ) none of those whom they have set up as associates (with Allah) will intercede for them, ( 16 ) and they will even disown their associates. ( 17 ) The Day the Hour is established, (mankind) on that Day will be separated into groups. ( 18 ) Those who have believed and done good works, will be kept in a Garden, ( 19 ) happy and rejoicing; ( 20 ) and those who have disbelieved ( 21 ) and rejected Our Revelations and the meeting of the Hereafter, will be presented for punishment.

Desc No: 13
Though this thing has been put forward as a claim, it contains the basis of the claim too. Commonsense testifies that the One Who can originate creation, can reproduce the same creation far more easily. The origination of the creation is an actuality, which exists before everybody, and the disbelievers and the mushriks also admit that this is the work of Allah alone: Now it will be clearly absurd on their part to think that God Who has originated this creation, cannot reproduce it."  

Desc No: 14
"The Hour": the Hour of returning to Allah and appearing before Him.  

Desc No: 15
The word iblas in the Text means to be dumbfounded on account of a sudden shock and despair, to be confounded on finding one-self in a hopeless situation, to stand aghast on finding no means of help and support. When this word is used for a culprit, it depicts a person who is caught red-handed, who then find no way to escape, nor expects to save himself by offering a plea in self-defense; therefore, he stands dumb and dejected and depressed.
One should also understand that "the criminals" here does not only imply those people, who have committed murders and thefts and robberies, etc. in the world, but all those who have rebelled against God, refused to accept the guidance and teachings of His Messengers, denied the accountability of the Hereafter, or lived heedless of it, and have been worshipping others than God in the world, or their own selves, whether or not, besides this basic deviation, they also committed those acts, which are commonly called crimes. Besides, it includes those people also, who in spite of believing in God and His Messengers and the Hereafter, have knowingly disobeyed their Lord and persisted in their rebellious conduct till the end. When these people will suddenly come back to life in the Hereafter, against their expectations, and will find that they are confronted with the second life, which they had denied, or ignored, in their life-activity in the world, they will stand dumbfounded as has been depicted in the words: yublisul-mujrimun. 

Desc No: 16
"Associates" (shuraka') includes three kinds of beings:
(1) The angels, prophets, saints, martyrs and the righteous men, to whom the polytheists assigned divine attributes and powers in different ages and whom they worshipped as gods. On Resurrection Day, they will say to their worshippers, "You did whatever you did without our consent, rather against our teachings and guidance. Therefore, we have nothing to do with you. Do not place any hope in us that we will intercede for you before Allah Almighty."
(2) Inanimate things like the moon, the sun, the planets, trees, stones, animals, etc. The polytheists worshipped them as gods, prayed to them, but the poor things themselves were unaware that the vicegerent of Allah was worshipping them so humbly and devotedly. Evidently, none of these also will come forward to intercede for him.
(3) The arch-criminals, who by deception and fraud, or by use of force, compelled the servants of God to worship thetas, e.g. Satan, false religious guides, and tyrants and despots. They themselves will be in trouble there. Not, to speak; of interceding for others, they will rather try to prove before God that their worshippers and followers were themselves responsible for their crimes, and therefore, they should not be made to bear the burden of their deviation. Thus, the polytheists there will not get any intercession from anywhere. 

Desc No: 17
That is, "The polytheists will themselves admit that they had wrongly held them associates of God. They will realize that none of them really had any ,hare in Godhead. Therefore, in the Hereafter they will disown the shirk on which they insist in the world. 

Desc No: 18
That is, "All communities and groups that have been formed in the world on the basis of race, country, language, tribe and clan, and economic and political interests, will break, and the people will be re-grouped on the basis of true belief, morality and character. On the one hand, all the believing and righteous people will be separated froth all the nations of mankind and put in one group, and on the other, people professing every false ideology and committing every kind of crime in the world will be sorted out severally from the multitudes of mankind and put into separate groups. In other words, the thing which Islam regards as the real basis of separation and union in the world and which the worshippers of ignorance refuse to accept, will become the basis of separation and union in the Hereafter. Islam says that the real thing which joins men together or divides them is the belief and morality. Those who believe and build the system of life on Divine guidance are one community, whether they belong to any race, any country and any region. The two cannot belong to one nation. They can neither walk together on a common path of life in the world, nor can meet with the same end in the Hereafter. Froth the world to the Hereafter they tread separate paths and have separate destinations. Contrary to this, the worshippers of falsehood have heen insisting in every age, and still insist, that mankind should be classified and grouped on the bases of race and country and language. The people who have a common race and country and language should constitute a separate nation, regardless of their religion and belief, and should offer a common front against the other similar nations. And this nation should have such a system of life which should bind the followers of Tauhid and the polytheists and the atheists together: The same was the concept of Abu Jahl and Abu Lahab and the chiefs of the Quraish. That is why they accused the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allah's peace he upon him) again and again of having stirred up divisions in their nation. That is why the Qur'an is warning that the groups made in the world on wrong bases will ultimately break and mankind will be permanently divided on the basis of the belief and the philosophy of life and morality and character on which Islam wants to build it in the world. The people who do not have a common destination cannot follow a common way of life. 

Desc No: 19
"A Garden": A garden of bliss and perfect happiness as a reward and source of everlasting joy.  

Desc No: 20
The word yuhbarun in the original implies this: "They will be lodged in it with honour, will remain happy and be provided with every kind of pleasure."  

Desc No: 21
One thing here is noteworthy. "Good works" have been mentioned as a necessary adjunct of the "faith", which will earn one the blissful Garden, but no mention has been made of the "evil acts" while mentioning the evil end of "disbelief . This clearly indicates that disbelief by itself is enough to mar the destiny of a person, whether it is accompanied by the evil act or not.   "



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