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56.36. und sie zu Jungfrauen gemacht,

[ alWaqi'a:36 ]

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Alle Suren anzeigen | Ansicht von Surah asSaffat (37)  Ayah: 5


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Mehr Übersetzungen

Tafsir auf arabisch:
Ibn Kathir Tabari Jalalain Qurtubi

Tafsir auf englisch:
Ibn Kathir (NEU!) Jalalain ibn Abbas

37.5. Rabbu alssamawati waal-ardiwama baynahuma warabbu almaschariqi

37.5. Lord of the heavens and of the earth and all that is between them, and Lord of the sun ' s risings. (Pickthall)

37.5. Der Herr der Himmel und der Erde und was zwischen beiden ist, und der Herr der Sonnenaufgänge, (Ahmad v. Denffer)

37.5. der Herr der Himmel und der Erde und dessen, was dazwischen ist, und der Herr der Osten. (Bubenheim)

37.5. Der Herr über Himmel, Erde und was es dazwischen gibt und der Herr über alles, was zum Osten gehört. (Azhar)

37.5. ER ist der HERR der Himmel, der Erde und das, was zwischen ihnen ist, sowie der HERR der Orte der Sonnenaufgänge. (Zaidan)

37.5. der Herr von Himmel und Erde und (alle) dem, was dazwischen ist, der Herr des Ostens (und des Westens). (Paret)

37.5. Herr der Himmel und der Erde und all dessen, was zwischen beiden ist, und der Herr aller Orte der Aufgänge (von Sonne, Mond und Sternen). (Rasul)

Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 1 bis 5

By those who range themselves in ranks; then by those scold and curse; then by those who recite admonition: ( 1 ) your real Deity is but One. ( 2 ) ----He Who is Lord of the earth and the heavens and of all that is between them, and Lord ( 3 ) of all Easts. ( 4 )

Desc No: 1
The majority of the commentators are agreed that All these three groups imply the groups of the angels, and the same explanation of it has been reported from 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, Ibn `Abbas, Qatadah, Masruq Said bin Jubair, 'Ikrimah, Mujahid, Suddi, Ibn Zaid and Rabi' bin Anas. Some commentators have given other commentaries also, but this commentary is more in keeping with the context. The words "range themselves in ranks" refer to the fact that all the angels who arc administering the affairs of the universe, are the humble servants of Allah, and are ever ready w carry out any scrvice and implement any command of His. This theme -has been further repeated in verse 165 below, where the angels say with regard to themselves: "We are the ranged servants (of Allah).'
As for "scolding and cursing", some commentators think that it refers to those angels who drive the clouds and arrange the rainfall. Although this meaning is not incorrect either, the meaning which is more relevant to the following context is that among these angels there is also a group of those, who scold and curse the disobedient people and the culprits, and this scolding and cursing is not merely verbal but it rains on human beings in the form of natural disasters and calamities.
"To recite admonition" implies that among these angels there are also those, who perform the service of admonition in order to draw the people's attention .to the Truth. This they do by bringing about natural calamities from which the needful take heed, and by bringing down the teachings to the Prophets, and in the form of revelations with which the pious men are blessed through them. 

Desc No: 2
This is the Truth to impress which an oath has been taken by the angels bearing the above-mentioned qualities. In other words, what is meant to be said is: "The whole system of the universe which is functioning in the scrvice of Allah, and all those manifestations of this universe which bring the evil consequences of deviation from the service of Allah before men, testify that the "Deity" of men is One and only One."
The word "Ilah" applies to two meanings: (1) The deity who is actually being served and worshipped; and (2) the Deity Who, in reality, is worthy of being served and worshipped. Here, the word "Ilah"has been used in the second meaning, for, as far as the first meaning is concerned, men have adopted many other deities. That is why we have translated "Ilah"as the "real Deity". 

Desc No: 3
The Truth that has been conveyed in these verses is: "The Master and Ruler of the Universe is the real Deity of men: He alone can be, and should be, the .Deity. It would be utterly irrational that the Rabb (i.e.. Master, Ruler, Guardian and Sustainer) of the man should be one but his Ilah (deity) another. The basic reason for worship is that man should naturally bow down before and acknowledge the superiority of him who can bring him harm and good, who can fulfil his needs and requirements, who can make or mar his destiny and has power over his life and survival itself. If man understands this he will automatically understand that to worship the one who has no power and not to worship Him Who has All the powers arc both against reason and nature. The One Who alone is worthy of worship is He Who possesses the powers. As far as the powerless beings are concerned, they are neither worthy of worship, nor is it in any way profitable to worship and pray to them, for it is not in their power to take any action whatever on man's petitions and prayers. To bow before them humbly and to petition them would be as foolish and meaningless an act as to bow before and petition another one who has himself gone before a ruler to make obeisance and submit his petitions. 

Desc No: 4
The sun dces not always rise at the same point but at a different point every day. Moreover, it dces not rise at one and the same time for the whole world but rises at different times for the different parts of the earth. That is why the plural "Mashariq" (Easts) has been used to indicate the different points at which the sun rises according to the season of the year. The corresponding word ¦Magharib" (Wests) has not been used because Mashariq itself points to Magharib However, in Surah Al-Ma'arij, the word magharib also has been used along with tnashariq: Rabb-al-mashariqi wal-magharib.  "

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