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53.49. und daß Er es ist, Der der Herr des Hundssterns ist,

[ anNagm:49 ]

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Alle Suren anzeigen | Ansicht von Surah azZuchruf (43)  Ayah: 65


Medina-Musshaf Seite 494

Mehr Übersetzungen

Tafsir auf arabisch:
Ibn Kathir Tabari Jalalain Qurtubi

Tafsir auf englisch:
Ibn Kathir (NEU!) Jalalain ibn Abbas

43.65. Faikhtalafa al-ahzabumin baynihim fawaylun lilladhiina dhalamuumin AAadhabi yawmin aliimin

43.65. But the factions among them differed. Then woe unto those who do wrong from the doom of a painful day. (Pickthall)

43.65. Und es waren die Gruppierungen uneinig unter sich, und wehe denjenigen, die Unrecht tun, vor der Strafe eines schmerzenden Tages. (Ahmad v. Denffer)

43.65. Doch wurden die Gruppierungen untereinander uneinig; so wehe denjenigen, die Unrecht tun, vor der Strafe eines schmerzhaften Tages! (Bubenheim)

43.65. Die widerspenstigen Verbände stritten jedoch untereinander. Wehe den Ungerechten vor einer schweren Strafe an einem qualvollen Tag! (Azhar)

43.65. Dann wurden die Parteien unter ihnen uneins. Also Niedergang ist für diejenigen, die Unrecht begingen, bei der Peinigung eines qualvollen Tages bestimmt. (Zaidan)

43.65. Aber dann wurden die Gruppen (al-ahzaab) untereinander uneins. Wehe denen, die freveln: Sie werden die Strafe eines schmerzhaften Tages erleiden! (Paret)

43.65. Doch die Parteien wurden dann untereinander uneinig; wehe dann denen, die freveln, vor der Strafe eines schmerzlichen Tages! (Rasul)

Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 57 bis 65

And when the son of Mary was cited as an example, your people raised a clamour at it, saying, "Are our gods better, or is he?" ( 52 ) They have cited this example to you only in the spirit of dispute. The fact is that they are a quarrelsome people. The son of Mary was no more than a servant whom We favored and made an example of Our power for the children of Israel. ( 53 ) If We please We can create angels from you ( 54 ) to succeed you in the earth. And he is, in fact, a Sign of the Hour; ( 55 ) therefore, do not have any doubt about it, and follow Me: this is the Straight Way. Let not Satan hinder you from this ( 56 ) : he is your open enemy. And when Jesus had come with clear Signs, he had said, "I have brought wisdom to you, and have come to make plain to you the reality of those things in which you differ: so fear Allah and follow me. The fact is that Allah is my Lord and your Lord, too. Worship Hun alone: this is the Straight Way. " ( 57 ) But (in spite of his clear teachings) the sects disagreed among themselves. ( 58 ) So, woe to those who committed evil from the punishment of a painful Day.

Desc No: 52
In verse 45 above, it was said: "You may ask all other Messengers whom We sent before you whether We had appointed any other gods to be worshipped beside the Merciful God." When this discourse was being presented before the people of Makkah, a person called `Abdullah ibn az-Ziba'ra in the traditions, put forward the objection: "Well, is it not a fact that the Christians regard the son of Mary as the son of God and worship him ? What is then wrong with our gods?" This caused much laughter among the crowd of the disbelievers and they started clamoring for an answer to this objection. But at this foolish behavior, the continuity of the revelation was not broken, but was first completed and then the objection of the questioner was taken up. (It should be borne in mind that this incident has been reported in the books of commentaries in different ways which contain great variations, but after a study of the context and the traditions the real incident in our view is the same as we have mentioned above). 

Desc No: 53
"Making an example of Our power" implies causing the Prophet Jesus to be born without a father, and then granting him such miracles as had not been granted to anyone before him nor to anyone after him. He would make a bird of clay and then breathe into it and it would become a living bird; he would give sight to those born blind; he would cure the lepers; so much so that he would raise the dead back to life. What Allah means to say is: "It is wrong to worship him as son of God and regard him as above servitude only because of his extraordinary birth and the great miracles granted to him. He was no more than a mere servant, whom We had blessed and made an example of Our power." (For details, see Al`Imran: 42-49, 59; An-Nisa: 156; Al-Ma`idah: 17, 110; Maryam: 17-35; AIAnbiya`: 91, Al-Mu'minun: SO). 

Desc No: 54
Another translation can be: ".............make some of you angels. 

Desc No: 55
Another translation of this sentence can be: "He is a means of the knowledge of Resurrection." Here the question arises: What is implied by "he¦? According to Hadrat Hasan Basri and Said bin Jubair it implies the Quran. That is, one can learn from the Qur'an that Resurrection will come. But this commentary is irrelevant to the context. There is nothing in the context on the basis of which it may be said that it refers to the Qur'an. Other commentators almost unanimous]y have expressed the opinion that it implies the prophet Jesus Christ, and this is suitable to the context. Now the question is: In what sense has Jesus Christ been called a Sign or a means of the knowledge of Resurrection? Ibn 'Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Qatadah, Suddi, Dahhak, Abul `Aliyah and Abu Malik say that this refers to the second coming of the Prophet Jesus as has been foretold in a large number of the Traditions, and the verse means that when he comes the second time to the world, it wilt become known that Resurrection is not far behind. But in spite of the great authority that these scholars hold it is difficult to believe that in this verse the second advent of the Prophet Jesus has been called a Sign of Resurrection, or a means of its knowledge. For it is contradicted by the next verse. His second advent, indeed, can be a means of the knowledge of Resurrection only for those people who will be living in that future period or will be born after that. How could he be regarded as a means of the knowledge for the pagans of Makkah, who are being asked "not to have any doubt about it"? Therefore, the correct interpretation in our opinion is the one that has been given by some other commentators, according to which the Prophet Jesus' birth without a father and his making a bird out of clay and his raising the dead back to life has been presented as a proof of the possibility of Resurrection. So, the Divine Words would mean: why do you think it is impossible for God to raise you and all mankind from death when He can create a child without a father and a servant of His can breathe life into an image of clay and raise the dead back to life?"  

Desc No: 56
" ...... hinder you from this" : hinder you from believing in Resurrection. 

Desc No: 57
That is, "The Prophet Jesus himself had never claimed that he was God or son of God, and that the people should worship him, but, on the contrary, his message was the same as of all other Prophets, the same as was now being conveyed to you through Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace)." (For explanation, see Al-`Imran: 50-51, An-Nisa: 171-172, Al-Ma'idah: 72, 116-117, Maryam: 30-36). 

Desc No: 58
That is, one group of the people denied him and in their antagonism went to the extent of accusing him of illegitimate birth and got him crucified as they thought; the other group believed in him but owing to exaggerated reverence made him son of God, and then the question of man's being God became such a riddle for it that every effort to resolve it caused it to be divided into countless sects. (For explanation, see An-Nisa: 171, AI-Ma'idah 17, 77,116-117 and the corresponding E.N.'s), 

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