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18.8. Und Wir werden das, was auf ihr ist, wahrlich zu unfruchtbarem Erdboden machen.

[ alKahf:8 ]


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Tafsir auf arabisch:
Ibn Kathir Tabari Jalalain Qurtubi

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Ibn Kathir (NEU!) Jalalain ibn Abbas



27.44. Qiila laha odkhulii alssarhafalamma raat-hu hasibat-hu ludschdschatan wakaschafat AAansaqayha qala innahu sarhunmumarradun min qawariira qalat rabbi innii dhalamtunafsii waaslamtu maAAa sulaymana lillahi rabbi alAAalamiina

27.44. It was said unto her: Enter the hall. And when she saw it she deemed it a pool and bared her legs. (Solomon) said: Lo! it is a hall, made smooth, of glass. She said: My Lord! Lo! I have wronged myself, and I surrender with Solomon unto Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. (Pickthall)

27.44. Es wurde zu ihr gesagt: "Tritt ein in den Schloßhof", und als sie es sah, dachte sie, es sei eine Wassertiefe, und sie entblößte ihre beiden Waden. Er sagte: "Es ist ein Schloßhof, poliert aus Glas." Sie sagte: "Mein Herr, ich habe mir selbst Unrecht angetan, und ich habe mich, zusammen mit Sulaiman, friedenmachend ergeben, Allah, dem Herrn der Welten." (Ahmad v. Denffer)

27.44. Es wurde zu ihr gesagt: "Tritt in den Prachtbau ein." Als sie ihn sah, hielt sie ihn für ein tiefes Wasser und entblößte ihre Unterschenkel. Er sagte: "Es ist ein mit Glas ausgelegter Prachtbau." Sie sagte: "Mein Herr, ich habe mir selbst Unrecht zugefügt, aber ich ergebe mich (nun), zusammen mit Sulaiman, Allah, dem Herrn der Weltenbewohner." (Bubenheim)

27.44. Ihr wurde gesagt: "Tritt ein in das Schloß (mit dem Glasboden)!" Als sie ihn sah, hielt sie ihn für ein tiefes Wasser und entblösste ihre Beine. Er sprach: "Das ist ein Schloß, ausgelegt mit Glas." Da sagte sie: "Ich habe mir selbst unrecht getan. Ich glaube mit Salomo an Gott, den Herrn der Welten." (Azhar)

27.44. Ihr wurde dann gesagt: „Tritt ein in den Innenhof!“ Und als sie ihn sah, vermutete sie ihn als Gewässer und enthüllte ihre Beine. Er sagte: „Es ist ein aus Glas geglätteter Innenhof.“ Sie sagte: „Mein HERR! Gewiß, ich fügte mir selbst Unrecht zu. Und ich nahm den Islam an mit Sulaiman ALLAH gegenüber, Dem HERRN aller Schöpfung.“ (Zaidan)

27.44. Man sagte (nachdem sie zu Salomo gekommen war) zu ihr: "Tritt in das Schloß (sarh) ein!" Als sie es sah, meinte sie, es sei ein tiefes Wasser (ludscha) und entblößte ihre Beine (um hineinzusteigen). Salomo sagte: "Es ist ein Schloß das mit Glas(platten) ausgelegt ist (? sarhun mumarradun min qaraariera)." Sie sagte: "Herr! Ich habe gegen mich selber gefrevelt (indem ich ungläubig war). Ich ergebe mich nun (aslamtu) zusammen mit Salomo Allah, dem Herrn der Menschen in aller Welt (al- `aalamuun)." (Paret)

27.44. Es wurde zu ihr gesprochen: "Tritt ein in den Palast." Und da sie ihn sah, hielt sie ihn für einen Wasserspiegel und entblößte ihre Beine. Er (Salomo) sagte: "Es ist ein Palast, getäfelt und gepflastert mit geglättetem Glas." Sie sagte: "Mein Herr, ich habe wahrlich gegen meine eigene Seele gesündigt; und ich ergebe mich mit Salomo Allah, dem Herrn der Welten." (Rasul)

Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 44 bis 44

She was asked to enter the palace. When she saw it, she thought it was a 'pool of water, so she tucked up her skirt to enter it. Solomon said, "It is the glossy floor of glass. " ( 55 ) At this she exclaimed, "O my Lord! I have (hitherto) been unjust to myself; now I submit myself, with Solomon, to Allah, Lord of the worlds. " ( 56 )

Desc No: 55
This was the last thing that opened the queen's eyes. The tirst thing was Solomon's letter that had been begun with the name of the AII-Compassionate, the AII-Merciful Allah, a way different front the common custom prevalent among the kings. The second was his rejection of her gifts, which made the queen understand that he was a different kind of king. The third was the report made by the queen's envoys froth which she came to know about Solomon's pious life, his wisdom and his message of the Truth. This very dung had induced her to travel to Jerusalem herself to personally meet the Prophet Solomon, and to this she had referred when she said. "We had already known this and we had become Muslims." The fourth thing was the removal of her throne from Ma'rib to Jerusalem in no time, from which the queen realized that he had allah's power at Itil hack. Now this was the last thing that removed every doubt front her mind regarding the unique and great personality of the Prophet Solomon. When she saw that in spite of possessing every means of comfort and ease and a grand palace for a dwelling, he was so free from every conceit, so God-fearing and righteous and so grateful to God that he bowed before Him far every small favour and his life so different from the life of those who were enamoured of the world, she exclaimed the words that follow. 

Desc No: 56
This story of the Prophet Solomon and the queen of Sheba has been related in the Old and the New Testaments and the Israelite traditions in different ways, but the Qur'anic narration differs from all others. A resume of the story as given in the Old Testament is as follows:
"And when the queen of Sheba heard of the tame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company . when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. And Solomon told her all her questions ...... And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built, and the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel; his cupbearers also, and their apparel; and his ascent by which he went up into the house of the Lord; there was no more spirit in her. And she said to the king, It was a true report which I heard in mine own land of thine acts, and of thine wisdom: Howbeit I believed nut their words, until I carte, and thine eves had seen it: and, behold, the one half of the greatness of they wisdom Was not told rte: for thou exceedest the (ante that 1 heard. Happy are thy men. and happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and hear thy wisdom. Blessed be the Lord they God, which delighted in thee to set thee on his throne ..... And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices great abundance and precious stones: neither was there any such spice as the queen of Sheba gave king Solomon ..... And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatever she asked ..... So she turned, and went away to her own land, she and her servants." (2 Chronicles, 9: 1-12. A similar account is also found in I Kings, 10: 1-13).
In the New Testament. the following sentence only has been reported from a discourse of the Prophet Jesus about the queen of Sheba .
"The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgement with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here." (Matthew, 12: 42; Luke, 11: 31).
The story of the Prophet Solomon and the queen of Sheba as given in the rabbinical traditions resembles in most parts with the Qur'anic version. The hopoe's absence, then its .arrival and reporting about Sheba and its queen, the Prophet Solomon's sending her a letter through it, the hoopoe's dropping the letter in front of the queen right at the time when she was going for sun-worship, the queen's calling for her ministers' council, then her sending of valuable gifts to Solomon, her travelling to Jerusalem and meeting him personally, her arrival in the palace and thinking that Prophet Solomon was sitting in the midst of a pool of water, tucking up her skirt in order to enter it-all this has been mentioned in these traditions as in the Qur'an. But there is no mention whatsoever in these traditions of the Prophet Solomon's reply on receipt of the gift, having the queen's th rune fetched from Ma'rib, his bowing down before God in thankfulness for every favour of His, and the queen's embracing the Faith ultimately, at his hand, his belief in the oneness of God, etc. And worst of all, these wicked people have accused Prophet Solomon of having committed adultery, God forbid, with the queen of Sheba, giving rise to an illegitimate race, which gave birth to Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, who destroyed Jerusalem. (jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. XI, p. 443). The fact of the matter is that n section of the Jewish learned men have been highly critical of the Prophet Solomon. They have accused him of heinous crimes like violating the Commandments of the Torah, of pride of government, pride of wisdom, of being a hen-pecked husband, and of luxurious living, polytheism and idol-worship. (Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. XI, pp. 439-441). It is due to this propaganda that the Bible presents him only as a king instead of a Prophet, a king who was lost in the love of polytheistic women against the Divine Commandments, whose heart was turned away from God, and was turned to other gods and goddesses. (I Kings, 11: 1-11). As against this it can be seen what great favour has the Qur'an done to the Israelites by cleansing the personalities of their elders of the tilth thrown at them by themselves, and yet the Israelites, ungrateful as they are, look upon the Qur'an and him who brought it as their enemies.   "



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