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Quran
59.14. Sie werden nicht alle gegen euch kämpfen, außer in befestigten Städten oder hinter Mauern. Ihre Gewalt ist untereinander stark. Du meinst, sie halten zusammen, doch ihre Herzen sind verschieden. Dies (ist so), weil sie Leute sind, die nicht begreifen.

[ alHasr:14 ]


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Mehr Übersetzungen

Tafsir auf arabisch:
Ibn Kathir Tabari Jalalain Qurtubi

Tafsir auf englisch:
Ibn Kathir (NEU!) Jalalain ibn Abbas



37.10. Illa man khatifa alkhatfatafaatbaAAahu schihabun thaqibun

37.10. Save him who snatcheth a fragment, and there pursueth him a piercing flame. (Pickthall)

37.10. Außer dem, der etwas aufschnappt, so folgt ihm eine gleißende Flamme. (Ahmad v. Denffer)

37.10. außer jemandem, der rasch etwas aufschnappt und den dann ein durchbohrend heller Leuchtkörper verfolgt. (Bubenheim)

37.10. Mit Ausnahme dessen, der etwas aufgeschnappt hat. Er wird von einem Feuerschweif verfolgt, der blendend hell vorbeischießt. (Azhar)

37.10. außer demjenigen, der etwas Aufzuschnappendes aufschnappt, dann ihm eine durchdringende Flamme folgte. (Zaidan)

37.10. (Sie haben keinen Zugang zu dem Wissen, an dem die Engel teilhaben) es sei denn, einer schnappt (zufällig) etwas auf, worauf ihm ein blendend heller Feuerbrand hinterherfolgt. (Paret)

37.10. - mit Ausnahme dessen, der etwas aufschnappt, doch ihn verfolgt ein durchbohrender Schweifstern. (Rasul)

Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 6 bis 10

We have adorned the lower heaven with the adornment of the stars ( 5 ) and have secured it against every rebel satan. ( 6 ) These satans cannot hear the words of the exalted ones; they are darted at and driven off from every side, and for them there is a perpetual torment. However, if some one snatches away something, a flashing flame follows him. ( 7 )

Desc No: 5
"Lower heaven" : The nearer heaven which can be seen with the naked eye, without the help of a telescope. The worlds beyond which can be seen through the telescopes of different powers, and the worlds which have not so far been observed through any moans, are the distant heavens. In this connection, one should also note that "sama " is not something definite and determined, but man generally has been using this word and its other synonyms for the heavens since the earliest times. 

Desc No: 6
That is, "Heaven is not merely empty space so that anyone who likes may enter it, but it has been fortified strongly, and its different regions have been bounded by such strong barriers that it is impossible for any rebel satan to exceed them. Every star and planet in the universe has its own circle and sphere escaping from which is as difficult as entering it. With the naked eye one can only see empty space, but, in reality, there are countless regions in space which have been even more strongly fortified and protected than they could be by steel walls. One can imagine and estimate the strength of these barriers by the difficulties man is experiencing in the way of reaching the moon, which is our nearest neighbour in space. Similar difficulties prevent the other creation of the earth, the jinns, from ascending towards the heavens. 

Desc No: 7
To understand this one should keep in view the fact that in the time of the Holy Prophet, soothsa ving was in great vogue in Arabia. The soothsayers used to make predictions, give news of the unseen, tell the whereabouts of the lost properties and articles, and the people used to visit them to know the events of their past and future lives. These soothsayers claimed that they had some jinns and satans under their control, who brought them all sorts of news. In this environment when the Holy Prophet was appointed to Prophethood, and he began to recite the verses of the Qur'an, which described the past history and contained news of the future, and also stated that an angel brought him these verses, his opponents immediately branded him a soothsayer and started telling others that, like the other soothsayers, he too was associated with a satan, who brought him news from the heavens, which he presented as revelations from Allah. To refute this accusation, Allah says: "The satans have no access to heaven. They have no power to hear the conversations of the angels and bring its news for others; if by chance a little of it enters the ear of a satan, and he tries to bring it down, he is followed by a flashing flame." In other words, it means: "The grand system of the universe, which is functioning under the agency of the angels has been firmly guarded and secured against every interference of the satans. Not to speak of interfering in it, they do not even have the power to obtain any kind of information about it. " (For further explanation, see AI-Hijr: 17-18 and the E.N's thereof). 



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